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    BM正网盘口【hrzkjk.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。通化蒂鼓惶代理记账有限公司(原吐鲁番钦哪士汽车维修投资有限公司)成立于1992年,占地面积98916平方米,澳門威尼斯SW酷炫财神游戏其中生产厂房占地1114平方米,仓库面积占地7249平方米。固定资产6471万元,流动资产7137万元,干部职工共054人,工程技术人员88人。BM正网盘口LiShantong,,,generallyknownasthetertiarytrade,encompassesawidespectrumofactivitiesrangin,,spurredbytherapidgrowthoftheinformationtechnology(IT),anewindustrialrevolutionwassweepingacrossthedevelopedeconomies,bringingprofoundtransformationstotheservicetrade:(1)TheInternetande-commercehaveinvigoratedthistraditionalservicesector,makingitpossibletoofferitsproductsacrosstheworld;(2)Theflourishingknowledge-intensiveservicesectorembodiesthevalueofitsproductsinprovidingitsservicesandintellectualpropertyrights,includingcomputersoftware,informationprocessing,RD,testing,marketsurvey,humanresourcedevelopmentandcommercialorganization(managementconsultancyandemployeerecruitment).Intheyearsoftheplannedeconomy,policydiscriminationa,,fgrowthasfinance,insurance,accountingandlegalservicearebyfarnotsufficientinChinatomeettheneedsofeconomicdevelopment,,weshouldconsidertheexpansionofservicetradeasalong-term,yetpressingstrategictask.(1)rPlanperiod(2001-2005).Fromthepointofviewofvariousindustrialsectors,progressreliesonthedevelopmentoftheprimary,,rapi,%,,thusresultinginitsproportioninthenationaleconomyataround50%.Whenabuyer’smarkethastakenshape,gsectororanewgrowtharea,w,thebackwardservicetradehasretardedourcapi,financialinterme,especiallyincreditandsecurities,,,,nvestments,,t,humancapitalha,yetshortperiodofschoolingandweaklifelongeducation,thelaggingofservicetradehasrestrictedtheimprovementofinnovativecapabilities,nnovationandimperfecthnologysharedbymajorplayersincompetition,mostlyenterprisesintheprocessofinnovation,suchasbasictechnologicalknowledge,informationhighway,basicmanufacturingskillsandserviceslikeeconomic/,technologyinfrastructureisclosertothepracticalneedsofenterprises,"publicproduct"andco,rankingatthebottomofthe46countriesandregionsinthesurveyofinternationalcompetitivenessconducted,smarkethastakenshapeinChina,successfuldaheavydragonmarketexpansion.(2)Servicetradedevelop-omy,readjustmen,hwithdrawalofthestateeconomyandastrengthenedcontrolbystatesectoroverthenationaleconomyatthesametime....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GeYanfengResearchReportNo82,’’e’heoutsideworld,Chinahasturnedfromacountrywherethedisparityinpeople’sincomewasnotgreatorevenquiteequaltoacountrywheredisparityinpeople’arityinpeople’,whenthereformjuststarted,theWorldBankestimatedthattheGinicoefficientfortheincomeofChineseresidents(thoselivingonthemainland,excludingthoselivinginHongKong,MacaoandTaiwan)’,’,,’sincomegrew,,’,,alargeportionoftheirincomemustbeinvestedinproduction,,thedisparityinincomesamongurbanresidents,,accordingtosamplingsmadebyZhaoRenweiandotherscholars,,accordingtodatacollectedbytheStateStatisticalBureauinthecourseofresidentsampling,,theStateStatisticalBureauintandemwithanumberofdepartmentscaeStatisticalBureau,theGinic,itcanberoughlyseenthattheg,incomedisparityamongruralresidentshasbeenbasicallystable,whiletheincomedisparityamongeofincomeandofthepossessionofwealthbetweendifferentindividualmembersofsociety(thefamilies),teCouncilinthethirdquarterof1999amongurbanresidentsshowsthattheAugustincomesofthestudiedfamilieswhenlistedonahightolowscaleinfivecategoriesaccordingtothepercapitaincomewereasfollows:20%;and20%,thesituationwasasfollows:20%ofthehigh-incomefamilieshadapercapitaincomeof992RMByuan;20%:thehighestincomesandthatofthe10percentfamilieswiththelowestincomewasevengreater,1,:%oft,itisnotpossibletomakeacomparisonbetw,itcanbeassuredthatthedifference,e,butundertheeffectsofcontinuedlargedisparities,theamoisticalBureau,bytheendofJune1999,20percentofurbanfa,,the20p,:1997by6ministriesandcommissionsoftheStateCouncil:theStatetheStatisticalBureau,MinistryofLabor,All-ChinaFederationofTradeUnions,etc..,accordingtoasamplesurveyconductedbytheStateStatisticalBureau,bytheendof1998high-incomepeasantfamilieswhichoccupied20percentofthepopulationpossess,an1,000RMByuanpossessedlessthan3percentofthetotalsavingsdeposit....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    XiaoJunyanResearchReport,,2000(Total1271)eofnumerousnewfeaturesinChina’sruraleconomyattheturnofthecen:heoriginalsupplyfunctionofproducingagriculturalproductsandindustrialproductsfordailyuseinthemaintoademandfunctionofprovidingaconsumptionmarketforagriculturalandindustrialproducts,,becausethenationaleconomyasawholestartedatalowlevel,thebasicdailynecessitiessuchasclothing,food,housingandtransportationwereinsevereshortage,theurbanindustrywasingreatneedofcapitalaccumulationandtheconsumptionofurbanresidentswasinurgentneedofimprovement,hencethefunctionofruraleconomywasbasicallysetatthelevelofsupplyingagriculturalproductsandsomeindustrialproductsfordailyuse,andtheconsumptionoffarmerswasalsosetatthelevelof"foodandclothing".Withurbanandtownshipresidentsbecamebetteroff,thereemergedarel,theproductionscaleofagriculturalandindustrialproductsforconsumption,insteadofbeingdecreased,hadtomaintainstableandincreaseslightly,,thebasicdemandforconsumptionamongthemiddleandlowincomeurbanresidentsandthemajorityofthefarmerswasnotsatisfied,whilesuchademandwasaresultoftheunbalancedeconomicde,,agriculturalandind,t,itisofvital,whichusedtobedecidedbytheincreaseoftotalsupplyandthequantitativeincreaseofsupply,isnowdeterminedbythesimultaneousincreaseofitsthetotal,andthekeyelementinthebalanfypeople’sdemandforfoodandclothingofthewholenation,itscontinuouslydecreasingpriceanddifficultinsales,,itmightmeanthatthesupplierisnotabletomeetthechangingdemandeventhoughitssupplyingsystem(includingprice,variety,qualityandquantity),itmightmeanthatthetotaldemandisnotsufficient,,thelogicalresultsinclude:thestructureofquantity,varietyandqualityofthesupplycannotbeadjustedtomeetthedemand,theincreasingpricehaspreventedthemarketfromdevelopingdifferentconsumptionlevels,,ithasbeenassu,gurepercapita,whichisnothigh,thetotaldemandisinfactworkedoutbasedontheurbanpopulationonly,whichaccountforonly20-30%,thedemandforfoodoftheruralpopulation,whichaccountforthemajorityofthetotalpopulation,cannotincreaseinaccordancewiththegrowthoftotalsupply,,theconsumptionofagriculturalproductsofmiddleandlowstandardbyfarmersandalargenumberofurbanresidentswithmiddleorlowincomehavebeenchecked,,itisnodoubtthatthetimehaspassedwhenthebalancebetweendemandandsupplywasdeterminedpurelybysupply,andth,ontheonehand,movefromagricultureandthecountrysidetomergeintonon-agriculturalsectorsandtheurbanareas,andontheotherhand,,underthepolicyof"takinggrainasthekey",reformandopeningandtheincreaseoffreeflowofrurallabour,,theruraleconomyisstillatsuchastagethattheprimaryobjectiveistoprovidepeoplewithenoughfoodandthatthenon-agriculturalsectoralmostdoesn’,cottonandotherproductsaswellasthedevelopmentofruralindustry,,farmerswerebetterfedandclothed,theyhadanurgentneedforincreasingincomes,whilethedevelopmentofthenon-agriculturalsectorwasconstrainedbylocalproductionelementsandthehighermarginalcostinexpandingthemarket,henceresultinginthereallocationoflargenumbersofrurantotheurbanareasisontheincrease,andthatthetownshipenterprisesandprivatesectorsaremovingtowards,,highqualityelementsarerequiredtobeinjectedintothec,capitalandagriculturalproductionmaterialiftheagriculturalgrowthistobectscaleandhavefairlyflexiblesystems,nthe80s-90s,whentechnology,talentsandcapitalwereabi,theadjustmentisconfrontedwiththeseriousproblemof"gapinthechangingdemand".raladjustmentafterthetraditionalindustrial/agriculturalproductshaveobtainedstable,eoffarmersandpromotethecapabilityofcon,wecanseethefollowing:Firstly,,thecurrentandexpectedexpenditureonhousing,"overtenthousandyuan"expensesw,,therurali,ifeachfarmerincreasestheconsumptionofanimalfoodandindirectlyconsumesanadditional50kgofgrain,…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.RenXingzhouAgainstthebackgroundofChina’sentryintotheimportantTenthFive-Year-PlanperiodandtheWTO,itspoorsocialcreditsystemandageneralcreditdisequilibriumhavebecomemajorobstaclestothesustainableandhealthyeconomithenewcenturyToanswerthisquestion,itisnecessarytoanalyeditSystemTheimportanceofestablishingthesocialcreditsystemisdetermin,duringdecadesoftheplannedeconomicsysteminChina,,suchaswhattoproduce,whattosell,how,therelationsbetweenbanksandenterprisesarenotcreditrelations,,China’,thescaleofc,theoperationalmechanismofsocialcreditthatiscloselyrelatedtothecreditrelationsofthemarketeconomyalsobeginstoplayimportantroleandhasbecometh,themodernmarketeconomymayberegardedasacrediteconomy--thehigherthelevelofmarketdevelopment,,withapoorcreditsystem,Chinasuf,withalargeamountoflongoverduebankloansturningintobadaccounts,non-performingassetsofcommercialbankscontinuetoincrease;debtdefaultamongenterprisehascreatedbroadchain-debts;andcheating,,chain-debtsamongenterprisesin1998reachedRMB1100billion,lyaffectedthemarketorder,largelyincreasedthecostsofmarkettransaction,reducedthetransactionefficiency,directlyaffectedthehealthydevelopmentofthemarketsystem,andthush,asocialcreditsystemmustbeestablishedassoonaspossiblesoastostandardizethdingthedomesticdemand,,thecentralgovernmenthasswiftlychangeditsfocusofmacroadjustmentandcontroltotheexpansionofdomesticdemand,,theexpansionofdomesticdemand,thisisbecausepullingupeconomicgrowthundertheconditionsofabuyer’smarketviaexpansionofoveralldomesticc,thescaleofacountry’smarketwillmultiplyasaresultofcredittransactions,,manycountrieshavemadecontinuouseffortstoimprovetheircreditmanagementsystem,developednewcreditinstr,inthemid-1980s,annualsettlementsofcommercialbillsintheUnitedStateswerealrea,undertheconditionsofabuyer’smarket,creditsalesamongenterpriseshaveincreasedsignificantly,,thereisonlyasmallamountoftotalcredittransactionsinChinaatpresent,,toexpanddomesticdemandandadjustproductionstructureandproductmix,vationthroughbankloans,,duetoextensivelackofcredit,,falsepublicityanddeceivingauditingreports,thesecuritiesmarkethasrunintoacreditcrisis,affectingthe,toexpandmarketdemandforconsumptionandpullupeconomicgrowth,,theconsumptionstructureofChina’surbanresidentsatpresenthasshownsignificantupgradingtrend,withhouseholdconsumptionprioritiesshiftinggraduallytohousing,,itwilltakealongtimetoreachsuchaconsumptionlevelonlywiththeaccumulationofhouseholdcashsavings,,withtheabsenceofarelativelycompletepersonalcreditsysteminChina,,t,allt,toexpanddomesticdemand,pullupeconomicgrowthandachievethethirdstagestrategicobjectivesofmodernization,’sentryintotheWTOhavedet,uchmarketwillittakeAndhowshouldChinaparticipateininternationalcompetitionwithmoreadvantagesafteritsentryintoWTOThesequestionsaredirectlyrelatedtotheconstructionofChina’eriouslyhamperthecompetitivenessofChineseenterprisesintheinternationalmarket,resultinginsmallermarketshares,deterioratedcredibility,,thecreditdisorderinChinawillalsoworsenChina’sinvestmentenvironmentforforeigncapital,directlyaffecttheincreaseofinvestmentdemand,,thenormaloperationofthes,China’spresentmarketorderisapparentlyunabletomeetthedem,standardisationofmarketordercannotbeachievedsimplythroughoccasionalsuddeninandinstitutions,aswellasth’s“livinguptocredibility”,“maintainingreputation”and“keepingpromises”.Thenarrowcreditinthemodernmarketeconomyreferstotheabilitytohonourthepromiseoftheaccreditedpartytotheaccreditingpartyregardingpaymentorrepaymentmadeinaspecifiedtimeframe(alsoincludingtheabilitytohonourvariouseconomiccontracts).Basedonthenatureofaaccreditedparty,creditmaybedividedintopubliccredit,businesscreditandconsumercredit,,mosttransactionstaketheformofcredittransaction....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米ZhangWenkuiInrecentyears,,thereformisfarfromcom"SeparationofGovernmentFunctionsfromEnterpriseManagement"aswellasthe"LinkingUps"andthe"Restructuring"DerivingfromGovernmentInstitutionalReformThegovernmentorganizationalreformwhichstartedin1998hascanceledthespecializedministries,whileenterprisesoriginallyaffiliateddirectlytovariousministrieshavealso"separatedgovernmentfunctionsfromenterprisemanagement""separationofgovernmentfunctionsandenterprisemanagement",however,theseenterpriseshadtobe"linkedup"toothergovernmentandPartyorgans,forafterall,thestate-ownedorthestate-controlledenterprisesarethecarriersofstateassets,soi"linkingups"andthestateassetmanagementsystemTherearethreetypesof"linkingup".Thefirsto"linkup"withtheMinistryofFinanceintermsofassets,andwiththenewlyestablishedCentralEnterpriseWorkingCommitteeortheOrganizatio"linkup",theyshouldfacethe"restructuring"consequenceoftheprevioustwotypesofenterprisesand"linkup",thegovernmenthasthusentrustedthefirsttwotypesofenterprisestomanagethethirdgroup,aswellastosuper,itis"detachment"ontheonehandand"linkingup",itissimilartothedistributingofenterprisemanagementauthorityamongspecializedandcomprehensivedepartmen"detachment",thegovernmentisfacedwit,thegovernmenttriestomaintainandincreasethevalue,itsupervisestheenterprisesandtheirmanagerialpersonnelthroughspecialinspectors(whohavebeenchangedtoexternalinspectors),theauthorizedmanagementcontractsincreasetheresponsibilitiesofandthepressuresontheenterprisesandtheirmanagers,andthes,thecontractedstate-ownedassetmanagement,itisdifficultforthespecialinspectorsandtheappointedaccountantst"restructuring"andtheenterpriseincentivemechanismInfact,the"restructuring"ment,ith,theremnantclaimingandcontrollingpowersofthestate-ownedenterpriseshav,after20years’reformandopeningup,thestate-ownedenterprisesarenolongerthe"purelystate-ownedenterprises",but"sharedenterpriseswithstateownership".,asthe"restructuring"dismantlesthestabilityofthecontrollingpowerandthedistributionsystemofthethirdgroupofenterprises,,the"restructured"state-ownedenterpriseswillsufferfrominsufficientdevelopmentdrive,"Dilution"and"Exit"oftheState-ownedStockEquitiesTheso-calledsystemreformistoreformthetraditionalstate-own,thesystemreformofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshasbeenimplementedwidelyinChina,whilethatofthesmallstatofthenewshareholders,thediverseequityownershipmayinclude"externaldiversificationofequityownership"and"internaldiversificationofequityownership".Ifthenewshareholdersmainlyconsistofinternalstaffandworkers,includingthemanagerialpersonnel,itbelongsto"internaldiversificationofequityownership".Ifthenewshareholdersaremainlycomposedofexternallegalandnaturalpersons,itbelongsto"externaldiversificationofequityownership".Intermsofthetotalsizeoftheequityandthetotalsizeofthestate-ownedequity,thereare"diversificationofequityownershipthroughdilution"and"diversificationofequityownershipthroughexit".Capitalexpansionthroughlistingandtargetedstockfloatingis"diversificationofequityownershipthroughdilution",whic,thesellingandtransferofthestate-ownedsharesbelongtothe"diversificationofequityownershipthroughexit".Thestate-ownedenterprisescontrolledbytheCentralGovernmenthavemainlyachievedtheirdiversificationofequityownershipthrough"externaldiversification"and"diversificationthroughdilution".Whereas,mostofthestate-ownedenterprisesandthe"restructured"enterprisescontrolledbylocalgovernmentsrealizedtheirequitydiversificationthroughthecombinationof"externaldiversification"and"internaldiversification",andthecombinationof"diversificationthroughdilution"and"diversificationthroughexit".Thespecificwaysincludethefollowing:transferringorsellingthestate-ownedsharesorthestate-ownedassetstomanagerialpersonnelandstaffandworkersofenterprises,privateenterprisesandexternalnaturalpersons;capitalexpansionbysellingstockstomanagerialpersonnelandstaffandworkers;,manystate-ownedenterprisesand"restructured"enterprisesc,inthesystemreform,thereisanabsenceofastate-ownedsharetransferandstate-ownedassetsellingsystemthatistransparent,icesarereasonable,,thecasemayberuledas"lossofthestate-ownedassets".Inreality,"sharedstate-ownedenterprises"sincethereformandopeningup,themanagerialpersonnelandthestaffandworkersonlywishtoturnsuch"sharing",the"lossofthestate-ownedassets"orthedebtevasionintentionusuallybecomestheobstacletothe"exit","dilution"afundedsystemoveralongtime,andthestaffandworkersconsiderthattheyshouldbecompensatedthro"repay"thesocialsecuritydebt,"unauthorizedprivatization"Theabsenceofastate-ownedsharetransferandsellingsystemthatistransparent,competitiveandacceptabletothecreditorsmakes"internaldiversificationofequityownership"and"diversificationofequityownershipthroughexit""sharing"legitimateandclear,"diversificationofequityownershipthroughexit",theirmanagerialpersonnelsplittheenterprisesandadopt"internaldiversificationofequityownership"and"diversificationofequityownershipthroughexit",theseparatedpartsofthe,somemanagerialpersonnelhavetransferredtheprofitsfromlargestate-ownedenterprisestotheirseparatedpartsbymeansofinternaltransaction,andthusquicklydrainedtheprofitsofthelargestate-ownedenterprise....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    大集汇二八杠Thetrendofmarketpricesin2,thegen002,andthecommodityretailpriceindex,theproducerpriceindexofindust(1)Priceperformanceisinanewroundofdecline,,theperformanceofmarketpriceshasallalongbeeninalow-lev,,,,,,theleadingindexindicatingthechangesofthegeneralpricelevel,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ceinthepastfiveyears,we,thege,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceposteda24-month-longcontinuousfallfromApril1998toApril2000,andposteda15-month-l,,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceshasbeeninanewroundofdecline,postingan11-month-longnegativegrowth.(2)Whiletherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofoversupply,,thefactthattherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofovers,theChineseeconomyhasbeenplague,thestatehasbeenstickingtoapolicyofstimulatingdomesticdemand,andasaresult,thedemandofdomesticinvestment,,inparticular,mmoditiesconductedbytheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,t,,theproportionofthecommoditiespostingabasicbalanceinsupplyanddemandfellfro,thecontinuousfallofChina’smarketpricesinrecentyearshasbeenalogicalreflectionofabuyer’smarket,,thech,thepricesofmostofChina’,’smarketcontinuestodevelopandmarketcompetitionbecomesincreasinglyfiercer,,inthefirstroundofpricedecline,thepricesofafewservicesandmonopolyindustrieswhosepricesweresetbythegovernmentweredrasticallyadjusted,whichplayedcertainrolesincontainingthef’spricingmethodsbecomingincreasinglystandardinrecentyears,however,the,,whichwasthelowestgrowthinrecentyears().AnothernoteworthychangeisthatasaresultofChina’smoreopeningtotheoutsideworldandespeciallybecauseoftheimpactofthecountry’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thecountry’spricingmechanismshavebecomemoreopenandtheimpactoftheinternationalmar’sWTOaccession,andthetariffreductionandtheincreaseofimportquotasforgrain,chemicalfertilizerandsomeothercommoditieswillfurtherintensifythepressureondomesticmarketcompetitionan,thetechnologicaladvancefeaturedbyhigherlaborproductiissharplylower,whichbringslessemergenceofnewproducts,,communicationsproductsandhouseholdappliancesinrecentyears....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,2002GeneralstabilitywithslightgrowthwastheoverallfeatureofChina’,sant’sburden,reducethebarrierstotheflowofsurplusrurallaborforce,improvethetradeconditionsforfarmproducts,promotetheconstructionofsmallc,thepricesofgrainandcottonweresomewhathigher,morepeasantswentouttodonon-farmworkand,aboveall,thegrowthofpeasantinco,whilesomeofthedeep-seatedcontradictionsaccumulatedinthepastwerenotsolvedyet,,theconditionsforpeasant’,peasant’,overtheyears,continuedtostimulatedomesti,,,thelocalfinancebecamemoredifficult,,maintainingtheeconomicandsocialstabilityatthegrass-ro(I)Agriculturalproductionremainedsteady,structuraladjustmentcontinued,andsomemainproductssawoutputincreasewhileotherswitnessedtheoppositeComparedwiththepreviousyear,,,,,,,,,,,easfollows:,summercrops,earlyriceandautumncropsallsawtheiroutputfellbelowthepreviousyear’,,,,,’,,,’,cultivatedareaandunitoutputofcottonrisedrastically,,,,000hectaresmorefromthepreviousyear’,000tons,,104kilogramsperhectare,ear,,drough,,plasticfilmswereusedtocoverseedleiprovinces,,(II)Peasant’sincomegrowthceasedtodeclineandbeganbouncingbackNetpeasant’%,,thepric,,,,,thelivestockindustrybecamethemainsourceofincreasedofpeasant’dthefollowingthreecharacteristics:,,,,,,t,,,,,,,,thepeasants’,,,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,ZhaoYangResearchReportNo58,2001Inthelatterhalfofthe1990s,’netincomehas,from9%in1996,%lastyearafterfouryears’,thefarmers’,thefarmers’burdenisstillserious,especiallyinthecentralandwesternregions."Increasingincomeandreducingburden"hasbecomeahard’,thecentralgovernmenthaspaidmuchattentiontoreducingfarmers’,,severeconftforsuchalongtimeWereviewedtheresearchofdomesticandforeignscholarsandsummarizedtheirviewsintothefollowingthreeaspects:Oneoftheirviewsisthattheincreasinglyheavyburdenisaresultoflocalcadres’,thevillagesinthecentralandwesternregionsdonothaveothersourcesforinc’s"thetheoryofincomesources",,ontheonehand,,thegrass-rootsorgani,itisnouseblaminglocalcadres,becauseinthesecases,theincreaseoffarmers’alsatthecounty,,givingrisetotheso-called"payrollbudget.",themostimpo’burden,,muchofthefarmers’burdeni’’burdenisabout140billionyuanayear,,8billionyuanofcashpaymentinplaceoflaborcontributionandabout20billionyuanof"indiscriminatecharges,finesandlevies".Theviewfromthetheoryof"incomesources",’income,especiallythedevelopmentofcollectiveeconomy,,thetownshipenterprises,evenintheeasternregion,,therefore,itisobviouslyimpracticaltoreducethefarmers’"overstaffadministration",ifwecarefullyanalyzetheburdenstructure,wewillfindthatmuchofthetownshipfinancehasbeenusedinbuildingroads,constructionoffarmlandandschoolbuildings,,somepeoplesimplybeliev,thisitemofexpensesarehardtobecutthrough"trimmingadministrativestaff"iftheproblemwithcurrenteducationsystemandirrationalallocationeducationresourcesisnotsolved....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.BM正网盘口重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,LiuShijin,YuBinZhangLiqunInthefirsthalfoftheyear,economicgrowthaccelerated,economicefficiencyimproved,,thegrowthofexportstendstodecline,thefoundationforacontinuousexpansionofthedomesticdemandisnotstableyet,%.Thepriorityofthecurrentmacroeconomicpolicyshouldbechangedfrompromotingshort-termeconomicgrowthtosolvingthemajorproblemsfacingthemediumandlong-termdevelomthebeginningofthisyear,economicgrowthdevelopedwiththetrendofquarterlyaccelerationandtheeconomicperformancehadthefollowingfeatures:,,consumptionanddemandforinvestmentallmaintainedahighgrowthrate,andtheoverallincreaseindemandc,inparticular,,foreigntrademaintainedanextraordinarilyhighgrowth,%%ascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear,;whiletheoverallfixedassetsinvestmentincreasedby11%.Theadjustmentandeffectiveapplicationofthemacroeconomicpoliciesinrecentyears,suchastheincreaseofexportrebaterate,thelevyofinteresttax,theimplementationofrealnamesforsavingsdeposits,theprolongedholidays,theincreaseofincomesformiddleandlow-incomegroups,theinterestdiscountbythestatefinancetosupporttechnologicaltransformationofenterprisesandthereformofhousingdistributionsystem,allplayedanimportantroleinpromotingthegrowthofexports,theeconomicgrowth,,obviouslydifferentfromthepatternoftheeconomicperformanceinthepast,themarketdemand-supplypatterndidnotundergoafundamentalchange,,%ascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear;theresidentconsumptionpriceindex,duetoinfluencebytheincreaseofvariousservicechargestandards,%,suchassteel,cotton,crudeoilandfinishedoil,whichwasassociatedwiththepricefluctuationattheinternationalmarket,thedomesticrestrictionson"fivekindsofsmallenterprises"ctioncapacityisstillrathercommonandstrikinglyhigh,,theelectronic,,,electricitygenerationincreasedbynearly10%ascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear,%%,metallurgicalandsugar-makingindustriesproducedsomeresults–%,%,andthegrowthrateofsteelproductiondroppedbyabo,%,,%.,the,,,thenetlossessufferedbythecoalindustrywasreducedby440millionyuanascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear,,thegrowthoffiscalandtaxrevenuescontinuedtobefasterthaneconomicgrowth,,thefiscalandtaxrevenuesmaintainedafairlyfastgrowth,however,afterthenon-comparablefactorswerededucted,thefiscal,thenationalfiscalrevenuestotaled624billionyuan,%,%growth,makingthisyear’tionofeconomicgrowth,theimprovementofenterpriseeconomicefficiency,thebullishsecuritiesmarketaswellastheincrea,importtariffcollectedbythecustomsandstamptaxcollectedfromsecuritiestransactionsincreasedby32billionyuan,accountingfor32%ofthetotalincrementalamountoffiscalandtaxrevenues;theenterpriseincometax,incometaxofenter%,35%and50%respectively,,accountingfor26%ofthetotal.ZhangWenkuiResearchReportNo151,1329China’,thetotalnumberoflistedcompaniesinChinaisonlyalittlemorethan1,,thesecompaniesholdanevermoreimportantpositioninChinasnationaleconomy,andtheireconomica,therestructuringoflistedcompaniesisgettingpopular,havingposedaneye-catchingphenomenoninChinaseconomiclife,,thenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’,thenumberofmajorrestructuringcaseshit148asquotedintheNoticeonStandardizingListedCompaniesMajorPurchases,China’slistedcompaniesareuniqueintermsoftheirequitystructure,performanceandmanagement,ticsanddigouttherootoftheproblemsthatdogtherestructuringofChina’’sListedCompaniesAlthoughrestructuringofChina’slistedcompaniesstartedin1993,,BaoAncorporationp%to18%,ation,,anotherformofrestructuringwithChinesecharacteristicswasinventedbyHengTongCorporationwhenitpurchasedLingGuangCorporation:negotiatedtransferofth,%%ofthestate-heldsharesoftheShanghaiLingguangIndustrialCompany,theparentcompanyofLingGuang,,there,someChina’slistedcompaniesfoundthemselvesinfinancialdifficultyin1995and1996andsomeeveninred,whichgaverisetoaspecialtreatmentgroup(knownastheSTcompaniesonthestockmarket).Theemergenceoftheloss-incurringcompaniesandtheSTgroupmeantthatsomelistedcompanieswouldbedisqualringonregionaleconomies,localgovernmentswouldtryeverymeanstokeeptheirlistedcompaniesgoingonthestockmarketortoqualifythemforallotment,whichinturnledtothe,theShanghaiMunicipalGovernmenttooktheleadinthecountrytoproposetherestructuringoflistedcompaniesinfinancialmirestoretaintheir"shell"andqualifythemfortheallotmentofnewshares,andalsopickedoutagroupoflistedcompaniessuchasZhongChengShiYeandLianHeShiYe,lGovernmentwascopiedbyonelocalgovernmentafteranother,ofpolarizationamongenterprises,restructuringmastermindedbylocalgovern’slistedcompaniesisviewedbroadly,itcanbediscov’slistedcompaniesarefairlyspecialintermsoforigin,relationshipwiththegovernment,financialpreference,’"Keepshellforallotmentandborroworbuyshell"AfairlylargenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanieshavebeeninitiatedtowardthegoalofkeepinglistedcompaniesinactionorqualifyingthemfortheallotmentofnewshares,orsellingsharesunderthe"shell",Chineseenterprisesh,thestockmarketsofthecountryarestillattheirearlystageofdevelopmentandgenerallyinshortsupply,thestockmarkethassmallrestrictionstoandpressureonlistedcompanies,thecostsforraisingfundsthroughstocktradingaremuchsmallerthanthosefordirectloans,andalmostnoresponsibilitiesareinvolved,,however,Chineseenterprisesfacemuchtighterrestrictionsthan,somelatecomersandnewlyestablishedhi-techornon-governmentalenterprises,inparticular,,the"shell""shell"resourcesbyrestructuring,ortotakethechanceofrestructuringtoseize,keepholdof,ormakefulluseofthese"shell"resourcescontinuallyisinlinewithboththeinterehofsomeotherstothnstitutionalequitiesisthemainmodeofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanies,and’a’slistedcompaniesaccountforabout62%ofthetotal,negotiatedtransferofstate-ownedandinstitutionalequitieshasnaturallybecomeamodeofrestructuringthatcanb,thismodecane,,andisconducivetothepromotionoftherestructuringofChina’,however,toexposetheinterestsofsmallshareholderstoharmswhencomparedwithacquisitiononthesecondarymarket.GuoLihongThefollowingunderstandingcanbereachedovereconomicrestructuring:themajortargetisnottoachievea"morereasonable"economicstructurethroughgovernmentmobilizationoffinancialresourcesofthesociety,buttoestablish,throughreform,transformationandsystembuildup,amechanismthatsuitsftfromthetraditionaloneof"state-drivendevelopment"to"marketbuildup".,thegovernment,ontheonehand,,unlikeinothermarketeconomycountries,thegovernmentpossessesacommercially-activegovernmentcapitalofmiscesworse,asystemofcapitalprovider,thegovernmenthasitsownresponsi,acleardistinctionshouldbemadebetweenthem,,itmayintensifythetraditionalhalistherootcagovernmentfromthoseofenterprises,"completeindependence",asanytypeofenterpri,wheretheownersarenotinthedueplace,thegovernmentwillnaturallyenhanceitsinterventi,theprocessofinterventionisaresultofadministrativechoicesinsteadofmarket,andtheevaluationofperformanceisoft,ital,,earnesteffortsshouldbem,thereisnodifferencebetweensunriseandsunsetindustries,,ifweareunabletoseekaplaceincertainhigh-techindustriesorifsometraditionalindustriesmovegraduallytowarddecline,theonlyreasonisthatthegovernmentfailstoprovidesystemguarantee,andtoalessextent,,"theentryandphaseoutofthegovernmentcapital"and"structuraladjustment".Thisclearlyindicatesthatwhentheenterpriseownersareabsent,yableprofitsofenterprises,,forthegovernmentcapital,theprofitswillultimatelybecomepartofgovernmentreve,whichisthefinancialrootforthtandardfinancialmeansthatbelongstoallownersduringthestrategiceconomicrestructuring,"rushformoneyfromthedepartments"(usuallywhenitcomestotherights)oftheownersinonearea,whileinotherareas(usuallyobligations)romthoseoftheenterprisesandtoachievestrategicrestructuringandreorganizationundersuchcircumstances!sisbasedonadministrativepunitivemeasures,andenterprisesandofficiaedissues,thesimplestco,thecomprehensivedepreciationrateofstate-ownedindustrialenter%,butthefigureplummetedbythreepercentagepoints(%%in1997)inthenexttwotothreeyears,makingthedepreciationrateofstate-ownedenterpriseslowerthanthatintheearlyyearsofthereformdriveinChina(%in1982).In1999whenbusinessconditionsandoperationperformanceweregreatlyimproved,thecomprehensivedepreciationrateofstate-owneda%.Calculatedbythefigureof1994,,thediscountinterestofgov,theywouldaskwell-performingenterprisestoreducethepercentagedeductedfromdepreciationfundsandreportmoreprofitssoastoshowcasetheachievementsbytheentiresectorsordepartmentswhentheya,likeallotheradministrativemeasuresadoptedinthepast,anyattempttoeliminatelossesandincreaseprofitsthroughadministrativemeasureswilleventuallyleadtoinverseadjustmentofenterprisestructuresbysubsidizingthepooratthecostoftherichanddrivingthefastesttorunevenfaster.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HouYongzhiFengJieDuringthe9thFive-YearPlanperiod,China’seconomymaintainedarapidgrowth,whichincreasedtheovera,Chinasuccessfu:theeconomyrealizeda"softlanding",deflationwasbroughtundercontrol,structuraladjustmentsmadeprogress,ggravatinginequalityofincomedistribution,ModernizationDrive.(I)GreaterOverallEconomicStrengthDuringthe9thFive-YearPlanperiod,(GDP)(1979-1999)andevenlowerthanthe12percentduringthe8thFive-YearPlanperiod,(seechart1).In1999,China’sGDPtotaled8,,whichwascloseto1,,China’sGDPwasexpectedtoreach8,900billionyuan,whichexceededthe1,rategicplanforthemodernizationdrive,Chinahassuccessfullyaccomplishedtheaggregatetargetsforthisperiod.(II)Better-offLifeforthePeople"Abetter-offlifeforthepeopleby2000"wasanimporta,thepercapitadisposableincomeofurbanfamiliesrosefrom4,283yuanto5,854yuanandthepercapitanetincomeofruralfamilieswentupfrom1,578yuanto2,,totalsavingsdepositsoftheurbanandruralresidentsmorethandoubled,risingfrom2,,,withthepercapitasavingsalsodoubledfrom2,356yuanto4,,thetotalsavingsoftheurbanandruralresidentswere238timesasmuchasthatbytheendof1980,,otherfinancialassetsoftheresidents,includingforeignexchangedeposits,stocks,bondsandcash,20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ChenXiaohong,ZhangWenkuiLiZhaoxiResearchReportNo187,,thereformofthestateassetmanagementsystemisanimportantissuecloselylinkedtothereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,foritinvolvessuchspecificiss,theThirdPlenarySessionofthe14thCPCCentralCommitteealsolaiddownthestateassetmanagementprinciple,namely,the"centralizedstate-ownership,variouslevelsofgovernmentsupervisionandautomaticenterprisemanagement".TheFourthPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommitteefurtherstipulatedthesixteen-wordprincipleforstateassetmanagementsystem,namely,"stateownership,variouslevelsofmanagement,dividedsupervisionresponsibilitiesandauthorizedmanagement",andgavelocalgovernmentsmorepowerinthere,manymajorproblemsofthestateassetmanagementsystem,includingthebasicorientationandspecificpolicymanagement,especnagementsystem,,itremainsquiteambiguousinissuessuchasthemeaningofauthorization,sesdispersedinvariousgovernmentdepartments,enterprisesfeelatlossastowhomtoturntowhenimplementingdecisionsthatneedapprovalfromagensesandholdrelevantresponsibilities,theydonothavetheownershiprightsinlegaltermsand,therefore,,interferenceof"shareholders"thatbypasstheirimmediateleadersand"insidercontrol".Thisreportwillputforwardsomeviewsandproposalsontherelationshipforrightsforstate-ownedassets,SystemWheretheCeteassetswhileadheringto"state-ownership"lgovernmentsoverstateassetsisabasicissuerelated"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"andformulatenewstipulationson"authorizedmanagement""variouslevelsofmanagement"shouldbechangedinto"variouslevelsofownership".Webelievethatalthoughtheemergenceofthesystemandtheprincipleof"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"havetheirhistoricalrationale,,therefore,toadjustanddefinetheownershiprightsofthecentralandlocalgovernmentinvestors.·Chinahasalreadyrecognizedthepubliclyacknowledgedbasicprincipleofthemarketeconomicsystemof"whoeverinvestsowns"andhassetupcorrespondinglegalsystem,whichdeviatesfromtheprinciplethatgivesnoregardtoinvestorsbutcentralization;·Variouslevelsofgovernmentsalreadypossesstheownershiprightsatleastoverenterprisesinvestedbythecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsoroverthestate-ownedenterpriseswhosemanagementrightshavelongbeendelegatedtothecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsbythehigherlevelsofgovernments;therefore,anyeffortthatrefusestoadmittheexistingeconomicandlegalrelationsisapttoleadtoshort-termacts;·China’spublicfinancesystemisineffectahierarchicalsystemandwillbefurtherdevelopedandperfectedwiththecompletionofChina’staxationandpublicfinancetransferpaymentsystem;thestate-ownedenterpriseswith"centralizedownership"inthepastshouldbetrulydividedintothestate-owned(centralgovernmentowned)enterprises,localpublic-ownedenterprises(ormaybecalledlocalstate-ownedenterprisesinconsiderationofhistoricalcontinuity)orstateandlocalgovernmentjointlyownedenterprisesbasedontheirrespectiveshares;·Incountriesofmarketeconomy,state-ownedenterprisesorlocalpublic-ownedenterprisesaregenerallycalledpublicenterprisesorpublicinstitutionsownedbyautonomousentities;thepublic-ownedenterprisesofstateautonomousentitiesarethestate-ownedenterprisesandthepublicly-ownedenterpr,evenifitisjustviewedfromtheimplementationlevel,therearestillproblemsifthe"variouslevelsofownership",thereistheproblemofambiguoustargetsof"variouslevelsofownership".Shouldalllocalgovernment-financedenterprisesorenterpriseswhosemanagementrightsaredelegateddownbythecentralgovernmenttolocalgovernmentsbeownedbythelatterWhatarethebasisandconditionsfordoingsoThedelegationofpowerinthepastwasbasedonpreconditionsof"variouslevelsofmanagement"butnotof"variouslevelsofownership".Moreimportantly,thestate"centralizedownership"systeminthepastwasrelatedtotheentirestateeconomicsystems,especiallythepublicfinance,"centralizedownership"system,itisnecessar"delegated"enterprisescloselylinkedtothenationaleconomy,correspondingresponsibilitiesofvariousparties,theirrelationswithmajorenterprisereformpolicies,(),thecompletionofthehierarchicalpublicfinancesystemandtheprocesstoimprovethecorrespondingtaxationsystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、BM正网盘口用户至上Lucky线上网投LongGuoqiangResearchReportNo66,2000China’,asenseofanxietyappeareddomestically:anexceedinglyhightradedependenceratiomighthaveanadverseeffectonthehealthydevelopmentofChina’’sforthcomingentrytotheWorldTradeOrganization,whetherwemaintainacorrectunderstandingoftradedependenceratiowilldirectlyaffectourasses’stradedependenceratiobyscientificmethodsandarrivingatacorrectun’stradedependenceratioTradedependenceratioofacountryistheratioofthetotalamountofforeigntradeofthatcountrytoitsgrossdomesticproduct(GDP).Theratioisusedtomeasurethedegreeofdependenceofacountry’,tradedependenceratiocanbedividedintotwocategories:degreeofdependenceuponexport,;anddegreeofdependenceuponimport,,itlay,,ideworldinthepast20years,China’,from1981through1999,theaverageannualgrowthrateofChina’,,intheyearsbefore1994theRenminbi(RMB),China’(seeChart1)Therapiddevelopmentoftheproce“tradeofprocessingimportedmaterialsprovided”and“tradeofprocessingmaterialsprovidedbyforeignclients”.Inthe18yearsfrom1981through1999,theaverageannualgrowthratesofChina’,,,theaveragean,makingtheratioo’,bothdomesticcontentratioandrateofaddedvalueofprocessingtradehavegoneup,auniquefeatureofthetraderemainstoacertainextent“importandhighexport”.,makinguseoftradedependenceratiowhichincludestheprocessingtrademaytoalargeextentexaggeratethedegreeofdependenceofChina’’stradedependenceratio(1978-1999)Source:’stradedependenceratiocommunityTheoretically,thereisnogenerallyaccep,toacquireacorrectunderstandingofChina’stradedependenceratio,wemustcarryoutanalysiswithChinaplacedinthecontextoftheinternationalcommunityandbycomparingChinaw,thecontinuedriseofChina’,,theaveragerateofwo,thetradedependenceratiooftheeconomiesoftheworld’saveragedegreeofdependenceuponexportrosefrom14percentin1970to25percentin1997(seeChart2).Fromahorizontalpointofview,thehigherthepercapitaincomeofacountry,thehigherthetradedependenceratioofthatcountry(seeTable1).ThisisanotherpieceofevidencedemonstratingthattheriseofChina’stradedependencer,atpresentChina’,China’sforeignexchangeratedevaluedbyabigmarginwhichinturncausedChina’,China’stradedependenceratiohasbeenconsistentlylowerthantheworldaverage(seeChart2).Third,whencarryingoutcomparisonsbetweenChina’stradedependenceratioandthatoftheinternationalcommunity,weshouldtakein,ifotherfactorsarethesame,,thegreaterthetertiaryindustrycomponentinaGDP,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ishedinearly80swhichwasoneoftheproductsofeconomicreformandopeningtotheoutsideworldofChinainthelate70,thepurposeofstudyingandapplicaeldwiththecontriretechnicaldifficultiestogetexactresultsfromeconomicmathematicalmodeling,thisissuecanbeseenclearlyfromthecriticismgivenbyKeynestothepioneeringresearchofmacroeconomicmodelofTinbergen,thattherewereproblemsofmissclassification,multi-collinearityfunctionalform,dynamicspecification,structuralstability,andthediasedoncertaineconomictheory,whilethetransitionaleconomicsoftheformerCentralp,wehavetherecognitionthat"Mathematicalmodelsareimportanttookofforecastingandpolicyanalysis,"Thatis:thefirstpartwillgiveabriefretrospectofthepolicymodelingprojectsthathadbeendonebyuswithinthecontextofbackgrghlydividedintotwoperiodsbaseduponthebroadco(1982-1990)Inthisperiod,Chinaisintheinitialstageofeconomicreformandopening,s(1)Thefirstpioneeringefforttotheapplicationofmathematicalmodelinginpolicyanalysiswasincorporatedintheprojectof"ComprehensivePlanningofShanxiProvince".ThisprojectwasassignedbytheCentralenerythattheearliestformofpolicyanalysisinunderdevelopedcountrieswastypicallydescribedas"developmentplanning,sinceoneofitsp,sinceitisaftertakentoimplygreatergovernmentcontrolofeconomicactivity."Infact,itiswellknowngloballythatagradua,intheprojectof"ComprehensivePlanningofShanxiProvince",Chinahadn,andtheonlyavailablepolicyinstrumentwas"Investmentallocation".:thefirst,theplanningperiodisextendedto20years(1981-2000)comparedtopastpracticeof5-yearplanningperiod,thesecond,ourCenterhadtheprivilegetoorganizevariousgovernmentorganizations,researc,,ThecomprehensiveplanningofShanxiprovince,investmentoncoalsector,electricindustrialplanning,waterresourceutilization,optimalplantation,populationmodel,environmentalprojectionandplanning,educationplanningandprojection,investmentonscienceandresearch,inputoutputoflightindustry,,econometrics,statevectordifferentialequation,linearprogramming,multiplegoalprogramming,decisionanalysisetc.(2)Theresultwasfinallyeditedintoabooktitled"CompilationofEconomicMathematicalModelsofComprehensivePlanningofShanxiProvince."Thispiariousmathematicaltoolstotheeconomicpolicyanalysis,ateamand,theimportanttypesofinteractionamongthepolicyvariables(objectivesandinstruments)andtheconstraintsontheeconomicsystemofShanxiprovincehadbeencorrectlyidentifiedinthespecificationoftheplanningmodel.(3)Duetothenascentstageofeconomicmathematicalmodeling,andalsoweunderstandthekeyissueofeconomicmathematicalmodelingisaninterdisciplinarystudybetweeneconomics,fferentbackground,automation,,itiscommentedintheprefaceoftheaboveeditionthat"Economicmodelingandmathematical"model",statisticaltable,,"model"observationofeconomicphenomena,withappropriateanalysisandsynthesistounderstandclearlytheinterrelationshipofvariablesofvariouseconomicactivity,tocomparethiswithestablishedtheory,andexpresstheserelationshipwithappropriatemathematics."(4)ProjectEvaluationThequestionofhowtoallocateinvestmentandotherscarceresourcesamongsectorsandprojectswasalsoanurgentissueofdevelopmentpolicyfFeasibilityStudyofIndustrialProjects".Wehadorganizedameetinginnationalscale,andabookhadalsobeenpublished.(Reference2)(1)Chil,wehadgottheawarenesstheweaknessoftraditionalSovietmodeloftheplanningsystemwhichbecameinappropriateincurrentstageofChina"InthecaseofRussiaandChina,attheoutsetpredominantlyagrarianeconomieswherethemajorityofcitizenswereilliterate,thetransformationtoanindu,oncetheseeconomiesenteredintermediateorhigherstagesofdevelopmentandresourceallocationchoicesbecamemorecomplicatedwasunabletocope."Therefore,inthenationalpriorityprojectof"ChinatowardtheYear2000"initiatedin1983andcompletedin1985,astrategicdevelopmentplanningwasdevel:Macro-EconomicModelProjectionsofChinatowardtheyear2000andSummaryofDataofChinaTowardtheYear2000.(2)China:EconomicDevelopmentandModelingFourteenmodelshadbeenpreparedintheproject,whichcoveredthestudyofdevelopmentstrategyandpolicyanalysis,macro-economicmodelwithapplicationofeconometrics,macro-economicmodelbaseduponproductionfunctionandanalysisofTFP,populationandcoordinatedeconomicdevelopmentplanningmodel,quantitativeanalysisofeconomicstructures,reproductionoftwomajorsectors,longtermtrendofdevelopmentmodel,I-applicationofsystemdynamics,longtermtrendofdevelopmentmodel,II-Chinassocialeconomicdevelopmentmodel,mediumandlongtermmacro-economicmodel,educationplanningmathematicalmodel,energysystemplanninganddecisionmodel,energydemandmodel,Chinasenvironmentalprojectionmodel,(Seereference3).Thisprojectrepresentsthepolicymodelingw-(1),inaddition,licationofmathematicalmodelinginthenationalexhibitionofcomputerapplication....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.––Reportonthe2000surveyofgrowthanddevelopmentofentrepreneursinChinaInthe1999questionnairesurveyofenterprisemanagersinChinaconductedbytheChineseEntrepreneursSurveySystem,whichisaffiliatedtotheInformationCenteroftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,10,,3,,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesexceptHongKong,,andtheproportionsofbig,,,generalmanagers,factorydirectors,,thequestionnairesurveytriedtocastlightontheprogressandproblemsofsystemconstructionoftheranksofentrepreneursinChinamainlyfromthefollowingangles:basicqualityandoccupationaltendenciesofenterprisemanagers,thedecision-makingmechanismsofenterprises,themechanismsfortheselectionofenterprisemanagers,ndopeningtotheoutsideworld,theoverallqualityofChineseenterprisemanagershasconstantlyimproved,andstructuralchangeshavetakenplaceintheirlevelofknowledge,erprisemanagers,whichischaracterizedbyahigherdegreeofformalschoolingsofarastheknowledgestructureofenterprisemanagersisconcerned,dominancebymiddle-agedandyoungpeoplesofarastheirageisconcerned,andintegrationoftechnicalandmanagementexpertisewiththelatter,Chinahavebeenimprovedsomewhat,thedecision-makingrolesoftheboardsofdirectorshavebeenstrengthenedtoacertaindegree,themechanismfortheselectionofenterprisemanagersandsystemsfortheexaminationoftheirachievementsmeetingtherequirementsofmodernenterprisesystemshavebeengraduallyimproved,andsohavebcteristicsofamarketeconomyarebeingexploredanddeveloped,theincomelevelsofenterprisemanagershaveconstantlyrisen,,state-ownedenterpriseshavefallenbehindincomparisonsof;marketization,specializationandsystematizationoftheranksofentrepreneurswillbeacceleratedvigorously;andsystemsfitforasocialistmarketeconomyandmodernenterprisesystemswillbeinstalledorperfectedtocreateafavorablesociaultsofthesurveyshowthatperabovethecollegelevel,on,andmostofthemhaveset“workfortheinterestsofemployees”and“realizationofself-value”“willyoustillchoosetobeanenterprisemanagerifyouaregivenanotherchancetochooseyouroccupation”,“yes”“no”.Themanagersofprivatelyownedenterpriseshaveacomparativelyhigherdegreeofs“whatistheforcebehindenterprisemanagerswhostillworkhardwhentheirenterprisesfallintodifficulties”,mostoftherespondentstickedtheanswers“workfortheinterestsofemployees”and“realizationofself-value”astheirfirstchoices,“self-temperingandself-improvementindifficulties”and“makingcontributiontosociety”,thatinshareholdingenterprises,thedecision-makingrolesoftheirboardsofdirectorshavebeenstrengthenedsomewhat,theproportionofadministrativeleadersholdingconcurrentpostsofPartysecretarieshasbecomebiggerthantheyearbefore,andthecontinuityoftenureofNo1leadersisremarkablylessi,chairpersons,,,twothirdsofthechairpersonsareconcurrentlythegeneralmanagers,almost,es,veyshowthatintherecent10years,thefrequencyofreplacementoftheNo1leadersofenterprisesisbiggestinstate-ownedenterprises,,,,enterprisesinvolvingforeignorHongKong,,,eyshowthatsincethelaunchingofthepolicyofreformandopeningtotheoutsideworld,comparativelybigchangeshavetaktsarestillthemajorformofselectionofenterprisemanagers,thisproportionhasshrunkandthepropogersisconcerned,“workachievements”and“managementability”havebeenregardedasthemostimportantqualificationsfortheselectionofenterprisemanagers,“moralityandprestige”,;and“trustworthinessbysenioradministrativedepartments”and“professionalknowledge”,(SeeTable1).Table1Qualificationsfortheselectionandappointmentofmanagersforenterprisesofdifferenttypesofownership(%)、DVORLiShantongHouYongzhiResearchReportNo193,’,,th,Shanghai’spercapitaGDPin2001wasashighas37,382yuanwhilethatofGuizhouProvincewasonly2,895yuan,,itisnecessarytodivideChinaintoseveralregionswhenarestudythecountry’,someinstitutionsdividedChina’,China’smainlandwasdividedintothefirst-line,,avarietyofdividingmetho(i):theeast,,theGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegionwasonceregard,,:Beijing,Tianjin,Hebei,Liaoning,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Fujian,Shandong,:Shanxi,Jilin,Heilongjiang,Anhui,Jiangxi,Henan,,municipalitiesandautonomousregions:Chongqing,Sichuan,Guizhou,Yunnan,Tibet,Shaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,Xinjiang,GuangxiandInnerMongolia.(ii),themid-anddownstream-YellowRiverregion,themid-anddownstream-YangtzeRiverregion,thesoutheastcoastalregion,thesouthwestregionandthenorthwestregion.(iii),JilinandHeilongjiang;thenorthwestregionmadeupofShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;thenorthregionmadeupofBeijing,Tianjin,Hebei,InnerMongoliaandShanxi;theeastregionmadeupofShandong,Shanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;thecentralregionmadeupofHenan,Anhui,Jiangxi,HubeiandHunan;thesouthregionmadeupofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;andthesouthwestregionmadeupofSichuan,Guizhou,YunnanandTibet.(iv),thenortheastregioncomprisesthreenortheastprovincesandtheeasternpartofInnerMongolia;theBohaiRimregioncomprisesBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShangdong;themid-streamYellowRiverregioncomprisesShanxi,HenanandthecentralandwesternpartofInnerMongolia;theYangtzeRiverDeltaregioncomprisesShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;themid-streamYangtzeRiverregioncomprisesHubei,Hunan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thesoutheastcoastalregioncomprisesFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thenorthwestregioncomprisesShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;andthesouthwestregioncomprisesSichuan,,thenortheastregionconsistsofthreenortheastprovinces;thenorthcoastalregionconsistsofBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShandong;thenorthinlandregionconsistsofShanxi,ShaanxiandInnerMongolia;theeastcoastalregionconsistsofShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;theeastinlandregionconsistsofHenan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thecentralinlandregionconsistsofHunanandHubei;thesouthcoastalregionconsistsofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thewestinlandregionconsistsofGansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,XinjiangandTibet;andthesouthwestinlandregionconsistsofSichuan,YunnanandGuizhou.(v);theJingjinjiregionincludesBeijing,Tianjin,Tangshan,QinhuangdaoandShijiazhuang;theJiqingregionincludesJinan,QingdaoandYantai;thegreaterShanghairegionincludesShanghai,Suzhou,Wuxi,Changzhou,NingboandHangzhou;thePearlRiverDeltaregionincludesGuangzhou,Shenzhen,ZhuhaiandShantou;theJiheiregionincludesChangchunandHarbin;theXiang’eganregionincludesWuhan,ChangshaandNanchang;,"threemajorregions"icdevelopmentandtheconve’snationalconditions,webelievethatinordertofacilitatethestudyofregionalissuesandtheanalysisofregionalpolicies,China’sregionaldivisionshouldfollowthefollowingnineprinciples:(1)geographiccloseness;(2)similarityinnaturalconditionsandresourceendowment;(3)similarityineconomicdevelopmentlevel;(4)closeeconomiclinksorsimilardevelopmentproblems;(5)similarityinsocialstructure;(6)propersize;(7)historicalcontinuity;(8)integrityofadministrativedivision;and(9)c,wemaydi,andthereforeisinconvenientforin-depthanalysisofregionaldifferences;somedividingmethodsfailtopreservethecompletenessofadministrativedivisionsandareinconvenientforgatheringandstudyingthedataabouttheirsocialandeconomicdevelopment;somemethodsfailtoconsiderhistoricalcontinuityandruncountertocommonsense;andsomegeographiccovtingdividingmethods,wedivideChina’smainlandintothefollowingeightmajorregions:,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Liaoning,,,theyarefacingmanycommonproblemssuc,whichcomprisestwomunicipalitiesandtwoprovinces:Beijing,Tianjin,,,,whichcomprisesonemunicipalityandtwoprovinces:Shanghai,,,,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Fujian,,,MacaoandTaiwan,thi,whichcomprisesthreeprovincesandoneautonomousregion:Shaanxi,Shanxi,,,,itsopeningtotheouts,whichcomprisesfourprovinces:Hubei,Hunan,,,itsopeninghas,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces,onemunicipalityandoneautonomousregion:Yunnan,Guizhou,Sichuan,,,,whichcomprisestwoprovincesandthreeautonomousregions:Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.XiaoJunyanResearchReportNo126,2002Steadyperformancehasbeenthemainfeatureoft,grain-growingareabecamemorestable,cotton-growingareadroppeddrastically,,;peasantincomeslightlyincreased;,,thestateintroducedaseriesofreformandpolicymeasures,whichwouldhelpimprovetheenvironmentforthedevelopmentoftheruraleconomyandespeciallyforthealleviationofthepeasants’(1),ivationwasthatafterthespringwheatinthenorthandthelong-grainednon-glutinousearlyriceinthesouthquitfromthestate’sprotectiveprices,,,theprolongedcoldrainsinthemiddleanddownstreamsoftheYangtzeRiver,llowRiver-HuaiheRiverregion,theYangt,thecontinuousrainsintheabsthanthatoflastyear,,(2)PeasantincomeThepercapitacashincomeofthepeasantsinthefirsthalfoftheyearwas1,123yuan,,,:’,thepercapitacashincomeofthepeasantsfromthesellingoffarmproductswas469yuan,’,thepercapitacashincomeofthepeasantsfromthenon-farmindustrieswas566yuan,’,China’sexperimentonreformingruraltaxandfeecollectionexpande’,thepercapitaspendingontaxesandfeesnationwidewas18yuan,(3)TownshipenterprisesThemainfeaturesoftheeconomicperformanceofthetownshipenterprisesinthefirsthalfoftheyearwereasfollows:,thetownshipenterprisesnationwiderealizedatotaladdedvalueof1,,,ofwhich,theindustrialaddedvaluewas1,,;theoperatingrevenuetotaled8,,;,;,;,,thetownshipenterprisesaccomplishedatotalindustrialoutputvalueof4,,,,,,,,omentum,,theirannualsalesrevenuetotaled5millionyuan;theindustrialenterprisesrealizedanaccumulatedaddedvalueof380billionyuan,,,,,,,,,,,risesofconsiderablescales,,however,hemonthlyaveragelevelofgrowthinthesecondhalfoflastyear....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiShantong,,,generallyknownasthetertiarytrade,encompassesawidespectrumofactivitiesrangin,,spurredbytherapidgrowthoftheinformationtechnology(IT),anewindustrialrevolutionwassweepingacrossthedevelopedeconomies,bringingprofoundtransformationstotheservicetrade:(1)TheInternetande-commercehaveinvigoratedthistraditionalservicesector,makingitpossibletoofferitsproductsacrosstheworld;(2)Theflourishingknowledge-intensiveservicesectorembodiesthevalueofitsproductsinprovidingitsservicesandintellectualpropertyrights,includingcomputersoftware,informationprocessing,RD,testing,marketsurvey,humanresourcedevelopmentandcommercialorganization(managementconsultancyandemployeerecruitment).Intheyearsoftheplannedeconomy,policydiscriminationa,,fgrowthasfinance,insurance,accountingandlegalservicearebyfarnotsufficientinChinatomeettheneedsofeconomicdevelopment,,weshouldconsidertheexpansionofservicetradeasalong-term,yetpressingstrategictask.(1)rPlanperiod(2001-2005).Fromthepointofviewofvariousindustrialsectors,progressreliesonthedevelopmentoftheprimary,,rapi,%,,thusresultinginitsproportioninthenationaleconomyataround50%.Whenabuyer’smarkethastakenshape,gsectororanewgrowtharea,w,thebackwardservicetradehasretardedourcapi,financialinterme,especiallyincreditandsecurities,,,,nvestments,,t,humancapitalha,yetshortperiodofschoolingandweaklifelongeducation,thelaggingofservicetradehasrestrictedtheimprovementofinnovativecapabilities,nnovationandimperfecthnologysharedbymajorplayersincompetition,mostlyenterprisesintheprocessofinnovation,suchasbasictechnologicalknowledge,informationhighway,basicmanufacturingskillsandserviceslikeeconomic/,technologyinfrastructureisclosertothepracticalneedsofenterprises,"publicproduct"andco,rankingatthebottomofthe46countriesandregionsinthesurveyofinternationalcompetitivenessconducted,smarkethastakenshapeinChina,successfuldaheavydragonmarketexpansion.(2)Servicetradedevelop-omy,readjustmen,hwithdrawalofthestateeconomyandastrengthenedcontrolbystatesectoroverthenationaleconomyatthesametime....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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